The coastal enclave has been blockaded by Israel for a decade, while the only other border — with Egypt — has been also largely sealed in recent years.
Residents receive only a few hours of electricity per day, and UN officials have said Gaza is becoming rapidly unliveable.
Gazans explain why reconciliation matters to them:
Yahya Al-Majayda, 18, is meant to be studying medicine. He applied for university in Ukraine, was accepted and even received the visa. But with the borders sealed, he is stuck.
“My future depends on the opening of the border and the national government taking control in Gaza.
Maysaa Al-Shanti, a 45-year-old mother of six, hasn’t seen her parents since Hamas took control. They moved to Saudi Arabia decades ago.
“I dream of reconciliation and for them to open the crossings so I can travel to see my family in Saudi Arabia.
“I don’t know when I will see my mother and siblings if they don’t succeed with reconciliation.”
In a strange quirk, there are two civil services in Gaza.
When Hamas took over in 2007, the majority of the Fatah-dominated Palestinian Authority employees were told to stop working.
Hamas set up a rival administration, while tens of thousands of PA employees continued to get a salary without working.
“Ten years at home without work has negative psychological and professional effects.
“I don’t care if my colleagues or the patients I treat are Hamas or Fatah. We are all Palestinians.
Mahmoud Al-Faraa, head of public relations with the Hamas media ministry, could be losing his job.
“As an employee also I hope there will be reconciliation so I can get my full salary from the Palestinian Authority, and develop our capacities and expertise.”
Wael Al-Hajj, 32, graduated from university in 2008, but since then he has been mostly unemployed.
“All we want is reconciliation and for the economic and living situations to improve and to get a chance to work. All I want is to provide my family with a stable and dignified life.
“The Gaza Strip has seen a huge tragedy as a result of the split.”
Hamada Ahmed, 12, a student in a United Nations school in Gaza, doesn’t know exactly what reconciliation is — but he hopes it means he will be able to leave Gaza for the first time.
“My dad said if they open the crossings to everyone we will travel. I hope to fly in a plane and eat McDonald’s.”