What is happening in Yemen? A question that begun to take a dramatic nature in recent weeks, especially since there are questions about the cohesion of the Saudi-UAE Coalition and its continuation. There were many questions about it in the capitals of the world and in the Arab countries, It began to resonate in the events and in the media all over the world.
First of all, it is good to remember that the Arab Coalition launched by Saudi King Salman bin Abdul Aziz and founded by understandings between Mohammed bin Salman and Mohammed bin Zayed, and it was the first real Arab alliance since the failure of the late Egyptian President Jamal Abdel Nasser attempt to establish the Arab unity project, starting from unity with Syria in 1958.
It is worth mentioning that the new Arab coalition launched an overwhelming political, media and moral wave that filled the corners of the empty walls in an Arab world hungry for any power factor.
The Arab scene was suffering from political emptiness and military weakness, and the Arabs are divided between the influence of Iran, which attracted a number of Arab countries, and the influence of Turkey, which entered through the Qatari gate to the heart of the Gulf, posing a grave danger to the rulers of Saudi Arabia and their position in the heart of the Arab and Islamic worlds.
Saudi Arabia was suffering from a near-total siege, which was fed within two decades, culminating at the end of King Abdullah’s era.
As for Egypt, it was healing, with unprecedented Saudi-Emirati support, fueled by the wild ambition of two young leaders (MBS and MBZ) with a vision of radical change, and no one has any assurance that they have the necessary capabilities to implement their vision.
Bin Salman and bin Zayed’s understandings formed the cornerstone of the project to restore the Arab world to its role in the region, prompting an early mobilization of the regional powers Iran and Turkey, while Israel is watching with great caution and working on expanding its reconnaissance with bridges with the new Arab Project.
For its part, Iran decided to confront the rising coalition directly in more than one Arab capital, and chose Yemen to be the hottest arena, being the painful side of Saudi Arabia which leads the Arab coalition.
As for Turkey and Qatar, they have tried to enter the Yemeni dossier by implicitly supporting Al-Qaeda, and supporting the Muslim Brotherhood directly and publicly.
The Turkish-Qatari performance in Yemen was in parallel to the Iranian project. The Iranian interest was complemented by the Turkish-Qatari interests on the basis of dividing Yemen between the influence of Iranian Shiite Islam, represented by the Houthis and the Sunni Muslim Brotherhood influence, represented by the Islah Party.
The Saudis and the Emiratis early understood the Iranian project and confronted it militarily by aligning with Qatar, to lately discover the most dangerous Turkish-Qatari project, in addition to its intersections with the Iranian project.
As soon as the Saudis and the Emiratis separated the path with Qatar and isolated it, it left the coalition, and its media directly attacked the Arab coalition and supported the Houthis by enlarging any military mistake of the coalition and showing its actions as war crimes.
Qatar has worked at full capacity across the Western lobby to demonize the Arab coalition. This was one of the reasons Saudi Arabia and the UAE insisted on categorically rejecting any mediation in order to lift the siege on Qatar.
Iran was unable to confront the Arab coalition from within, so its project focused on open military confrontation. While Turkey and Qatar sought to infiltrate to undermine the coalition from within, many attempts were made, the latest of which were the resignations of Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri and the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, who the UAE faced with unity and solidity alongside its Saudi ally.
But Qatar, an expert in the subtleties of the Yemeni file through its distinctive relationship with the Muslim Brotherhood there, was able to find a gap in the wall of the fragile legitimate government, which suffers from great corruption, and entered Doha from the gate of financial temptations of many members of the Hadi’s government, and managed to extend the Brotherhood’s influence in The positions of the decision, signed some of the key ministers in the legitimate government, led by the Interior and Defense, under the influence of the Yemeni brothers and behind them Turkey and Qatar. This climate contributed to the launch of a serious project that holds the seeds of important success, the aim of which is to undermine the Saudi-UAE cohesion by all means.
The UAE soon became aware through its intelligence to the Qatari-Brotherhood movement early and attempted to encircle it with Saudi Arabia. However, the members of Hadi government succeeded in accumulating a series of files and work actively to create a military situation in Yemen against the UAE exclusively.
The Brotherhood’s armed groups have targeted UAE forces in Yemen. A political and media wave was launched against the UAE. Things have reached the point of sending information about the movement of Emirati forces to Houthis, leading to military attacks on the sites of the UAE forces in Aden.
The UAE’s reaction came gradually through politics until the recent military response, in which Hadi’s government used to work to create a UAE-Saudi rift by portraying the UAE as an aggressor against Yemeni legitimacy.
Since the first day, the Qatari media has been professionalizing its efforts to enlarge the size of the problem, and to further increasing and amplifying the gap between Saudi Arabia and the UAE.
The question that arises today is whether Turkey and Qatar will achieve their goals to separate Saudi Arabia from the UAE and end the Saudi-UAE coalition?
The answer on the question depends on the behavior of both sides of the coalition in the coming days. But surely Iran stands on the sidelines, waiting with joy hoping that the Turkish-Qatari project will succeed in destroying the last castles of the Arabs, which they used to be demolished before the process of building them even finish.