BEIRUT – Lebanon’s politically influential Maronite Christian patriarch backed the long-serving central bank governor on Sunday, after the prime minister cast bank chief Riad Salameh as responsible for a currency crash that worsened sharply in recent days.
The pound, which has lost more than half its value since October, slid to record lows on a parallel market over the past week, losing some 15% of its value within a few days. Prime Minister Hassan Diab sharply criticised Salameh on Friday.
Currency changers have gone on strike and the parliament speaker urged the government to use “legal powers” to halt the fall in the pound. The past two days have seen bomb and firebomb attacks on banks, although there were no reports of injuries.
Amid a growing debate over whether the bank governor of 27 years should resign, Maronite Patriarch Bechara Boutros Al-Rai, Lebanon’s top Christian religious authority, said criticism of Salameh would only hurt the country.
“We ask: who benefits from the destabilisation of the central bank governorship? The beneficiary himself knows,” said Rai. “We know the dire outcome, which is eliminating the confidence of the Lebanese people and (foreign) states in the constitutional foundations of the state.”
Lebanon is governed according to a sectarian political system that parcels out state positions according to religious group. The central bank governorship is reserved for a Maronite Christian while the premier is always a Sunni Muslim.
Diab’s government was formed in January with the support of powerful Iran-backed Shi’ite movement Hezbollah and has struggled to enact stalled reforms demanded by foreign donors.
Gebran Bassil, head of Lebanon’s largest Christian party, said while the central bank bore a large responsibility for losses and poor policies, it was the state “first and foremost” that must account for the crisis.
The currency’s rapid fall has raised the prospect of price hikes and broader unrest at a time when unemployment has soared and a coronavirus lockdown has dealt an additional blow.
On Saturday a small bomb was detonated outside a commercial bank in the southern city of Sidon, tearing apart its facade. A bank in the city of Tyre was attacked with molotov cocktails early on Sunday, according to security sources.
The attacks did not result in any injuries and the assailants remain unknown according to the security sources.