AMMAN – Syria’s top diplomat and long-time foreign minister Walid al-Moalem, a staunch defender of Syrian President Bashar al Assad’s bloody crackdown on peaceful protesters that sparked a decade old conflict, died on Monday, the government said.
There were no details on the cause of death, but the 79-year old had been in poor health for years with heart problems. A source close to the Syrian government said it was expected his deputy, veteran diplomat Faisal Mekdad, would replace him as foreign minister.
Moalem, who was first appointed foreign minister in 2006 and was also a deputy prime minister, held a succession of top diplomatic posts, including envoy to the United States and was involved in unsuccessful negotiations with Israel in the 1990s on a peace settlement.
“He was known for his honourable patriotic positions,” the government said in a statement, adding he died at dawn and would be buried later on Monday in Damascus.
The veteran diplomat saw his country’s tilt further towards Iran and Russia, which have helped shore up Assad’s rule and allowed the authoritarian leader to regain most of the territory he once lost to insurgents.
“This is very sad news. I have lost a very close friend in the Arab world. He was a reliable partner, a very knowledgeable person, diplomat and politician,” Russia’s TASS news agency quoted Mikhail Bogdanov, Russia’s deputy foreign minister.
Born in 1941 to a Sunni family from Damascus, Moalem publicly defended Moscow and Shi’ite Iran’s growing military role, backed by its proxies in Syria, which many Syrian opponents of Assad labelled an occupation and blamed for fuelling sectarian tension in a Sunni-majority country.
“I am ready to be one of Hassan Nasrallahʹs soldiers,” Moalem said in August 2006, referring to the leader of the Iranian-backed Lebanese militia Hezbollah, which has in recent years sent thousands of its members to fight alongside Assad’s forces.
Assad’s opponents branded him a traitor for supporting the violent crackdown on protesters at the beginning of the conflict in 2011 when thousands took to the streets calling for an end to the Assad family’s decades old authoritarian rule that later erupted into a full-scale civil war.
“No government in the world can accept an armed terrorist group, some of them coming from abroad, controlling streets and villages in the name of ‘jihad’,” Moalem said in a 2012 newspaper interview.
Assad is drawn from the minority Alawite sect whose members control the security forces and army that led the crackdown. Human rights groups and the United Nations said the crackdown caused the deaths of hundreds of thousands of civilians.
Moalem accused the United States and others in the West of fuelling his country’s unrest and labelled insurgents “jihadi terrorists” in a conflict in which more than half a million people have been killed and more than 5.6 million have become refugees, most of them Sunnis.
The veteran diplomat recently attacked the Caesar Act – the toughest U.S. sanctions yet against Damascus – which came into force last June, saying they were meant to starve Syrians. He vowed that his country would get economic help from Iran and Russia to soften its blow.
Washington says the goal of the new sanctions is to hold Damascus to account for war crimes and deter it from further pursuing the war. The sanctions exempt humanitarian aid.