Oil rose to nearly $84 a barrel on Tuesday, supported by tight supply and expectations that rising coronavirus cases and the spread of the Omicron variant will not derail a global demand recovery.
A lack of capacity in some countries has meant that supply additions by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) are running below the increase permitted under a pact with its allies.
On the demand side, Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell said on Tuesday he expects the economic impact of Omicron to be short lived, adding that ensuing quarters could be very positive for the economy after Omicron subsides.
Brent crude gained $2.69, or 3.35%, to $83.59 a barrel by 13:56 p.m. ET (1856 GMT), its highest since early November, after having lost 1% in the previous session.
U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) rose $2.88, or 3.7%, to $81.11, also its highest since mid-November. On Monday, it fell 0.8%.
“Combination of facts – that demand is going to be stronger than anticipated and that OPEC’s supply may not grow as fast as the demand – is why prices are climbing,” said Phil Flynn, senior analyst at Price Futures Group.
Major economies have avoided a return to severe lockdowns, even as COVID-19 infections have soared. European jet fuel refining margins, for example, are back to pre-pandemic levels as supplies in the region tighten and global aviation activity recovers despite the spread of the Omicron variant.
“Omicron has yet to wreak the havoc of the Delta variant and may never do so, keeping the global recovery on track,” said Jeffrey Halley, analyst at brokerage OANDA.
U.S. crude oil output is expected to rise 610,000 barrels per day to 12.41 million bpd in 2023, the government said in its first forecast for next year, lower than the previous month’s forecast of 670,000 bpd rise.
Brent rose by 50% in 2021 and has rallied further in 2022, with investors expecting increasing demand while OPEC and its allies, collectively known as OPEC+, slowly ease record output cuts made in 2020.
Recent outages in Libya have also buoyed prices and the National Oil Corp said on Tuesday it was suspending exports from the Es Sider terminal.
A weaker U.S. dollar also helped to support oil because it makes oil cheaper for buyers holding other currencies and tends to reflect higher risk appetite among investors.
Upcoming reports on U.S. inventories are expected to show crude stockpiles fell by about 2 million barrels.
The first of this week’s supply reports, from the American Petroleum Institute (API), was due at 2130 GMT.